Explorer Vocabulary / Europeans in Texas

As we begin to wrap up Native Americans, we are getting ready for the next step in our state’s history! The Europeans are coming! When we know and understand what words mean, we have a better understanding of what we read!


The quiz will be on Tuesday next week. Study, study, study!


Route– A path of travel

Caravel– A small, fast ship with special sails that enabled it to sail into the wind and travel in rough seas.

Astrolabe– A device once used by sailors to find out where they were by using the position on the stars

Convert– To change someone’s beliefs to agree with yours

Colony– A settlement that is ruled by another country

Conquistador– A Spanish conqueror and treasure seeker

Empire-A conquered land of many places and people under one ruler

Expedition– A journey made for a special reason

Slave– A person owned by another person and made to do work for no pay

Legend– A story handed down over time

Mission– A religious settlement

Missionary– A person who teaches his or her religion to others

Vaquero– A cowhand; a person who helps raise cattle (cowboys)

Presidio– A fort built mostly of wood, stone or adobe

Plaza– A town square; sometimes the center of the town

Mestizo– A person whose ancestors were both Spanish and Native American


The Quizlet practice is available for those who want to use it!


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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

The Social Studies vocab for chapter 8. The quiz will be next Friday.

1.       Plantation: A large farm with crops tended by workers who live there.
2.       Planter: The owner of a plantation.
3.       Cash crop: A crop people raised to sell to others.
4.       Textile mill: A factory in which fibers, such as cotton or wool, are woven into cloth.
5.       Auction: A public sale of goods.
6.       States’ rights: The idea that state governments have the right to make certain decisions for        themselves.
7.       Political party: A group of people in government who try to get agree with their ideas and who choose leaders who share their opinions.
8.       Candidate: A person who runs for political office.
9.      Secede: To leave the union.
10.   Confederacy: The confederate states of America.
11.   Secessionist: People who wanted to leave the union.
12.   Enlist: To join.
13.   Infantry: A group of foot soldiers.
14.   Blockade: A line of warships used to keep other ships from sailing into or out of a port.
15.   Brigade: A group of troops or soldiers.
16.   Assassination: The murder of a political leader.
17.   Reconstruction: The period after the civil war in which southerners had to reorganize their state governments in order to rejoin the union.
18.   Juneteenth: A holiday in Texas celebrating the freeing of slaves.
19.   Jury: A group of people that decide a case in court.
20.   Segregation: Keeping people in separate groups based on their race and culture.
21.   Amendment: A change in the constitution.
22.   Carpetbaggers:  A northerner in the south during reconstruction who carried their things in bags made from carpet.
23.   Sharecroppers: A farmer who used a plot of land and was paid by the landowner with a share of the crops.
24.   Credit: A way of buying something by paying for it over time.
25.   Reservation: An area of land set aside by government for use by American Indians.
26.   Buffalo soldiers: A nickname given by Native Americans to African American soldiers.

Social Studies Vocabulary!

We have our 9 weeks vocabulary grade coming up for social studies. Students were given the vocabulary words on pages 258 and 264 to define. The test will be February 17th! The kids are allowed to bring their books home!

Happy studying!

Colonization Vocabulary

Colonization Vocabulary

Study vocabulary and be prepared to use the words in a sentence based on the definition.

 Independence: Freedom

Tax: Money paid by people to run their government

Revolution: a sudden, complete change in government

Declaration: official statement

Frontier: Land that lies beyond the settled part of a country

Pioneers: people who first settle a new place

Treaty: an agreement between groups or countries

Equality: the same rights for all people inMexico

Rebellion: fighting against the government

Dictator: a government leader with total authority

Grants: gift of land

Empresario: a person given a grant by the Mexican government to bring settlers toTexas

Militia: a group of unpaid people that acts as an army